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Vitamin C and Skin Health

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Vitamin C is an essential nutrient for skin as well as the rest of the body.  It’s absolutely necessary for normal skin and bodily functions, cannot be naturally synthesized in humans and must be provided externally. Skin itself has various critical roles in overall health including protection from dehydration and infection, and its appearance is an important reflection on general well-being. The epidermal layer of skin is responsible for most of its barrier function and includes many cells, particularly keratinocytes. In contrast, the lower dermal layer is composed mainly of fibroblasts that secrete the major component of the dermis, collagen...

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Increasing the Immune Defense of Skin

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The skin barrier, composed of lipids and essentially dead cells (corneocytes) in the upper layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum), plays a major role in protecting the body from numerous insults including microbial invasion. However, when compromised, the skin’s immune system is activated to defend the body from further damage and infection. Skin immunity involves the skin microbiome (collective set of microorganisms on the skin), antimicrobial peptides (short chains of amino acids) and a variety of signaling molecules that activate or suppress certain immune cells such as dendritic cells (including Langerhan’s cells), macrophages, neutrophils and mast cells.  When damage and/or...

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Decreasing Eczema to Help Reduce Pollen Allergies and Asthma

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Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin condition that can result in serious itching (pruritus), lack of sleep, embarrassment and psychological stress. The lifetime prevalence of eczema has increased worldwide for the past 30 years, and recently the prevalence for adults was estimated to be approximately 10% of the population.  Viniferamine® skin and wound care products contain potent anti-inflammatory small molecule ingredients that can help decrease pruritus including the beneficial polyphenols oleuropein, resveratrol, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) from olives, grapes, and green tea, respectively, as well as the important small molecules, melatonin, and L-glutathione. In addition, dipotassium glycyrrhizate from licorice,...

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Protecting Skin During Rigorous Exercise

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As the outermost barrier against injury, infection, and dehydration, skin serves a crucial function for the body so it’s absolutely critical that it is well maintained.  Increased physical activity and exposure to the elements makes skin more vulnerable to damage associated with dehydration, chapping, chafing and excess moisture due to increased sweating (perspiration). Viniferamine® skin and wound care products were designed to strengthen skin, help repair damaged skin and help protect skin from dehydration and chapping.  Viniferamine® Renewal Moisturizer can help keep skin hydrated and well nourished.  Each ingredient in Renewal Moisturizer is perfectly balanced to achieve maximum skin restoration.  Viniferamine® Silicone Barrier...

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Reducing Sun Damage to Skin

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The sun is a powerful source of energy and radiation that can be both beneficial and harmful.  It feels great to get out in the sun, especially after a cold, rainy day, but the effects of too much sun can be incredibly damaging to skin health.  The sunlight’s cellular and molecular effects depend on the radiation energy and penetration.  The spectrum of solar radiation ranges from the shorter wavelengths of UVB and UVA to the longer wavelengths of visible radiation (VIS), near-infrared radiation (NIR) and infrared radiation (IR).  UV radiation has more energy and is more penetrating.  UVB radiation has...

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Vitamins for Skin Health

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Many vitamins are important for skin health because they have antioxidant activity that protects the skin from free radicals and oxidative stress.  Oxidative stress occurs when free radicals such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) overwhelm the antioxidant defense mechanisms in the skin that includes certain antioxidants as well as protective enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD).  Oxidative stress in the skin can be caused by environmental factors including UV radiation (UVR) and pollution, as well as intrinsic factors such as aging, high glucose and disease. Viniferamine® skin and wound care products, including Renewal Moisturizer, contain many beneficial vitamins that have antioxidant activity...

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The Mediterranean Diet and Healthy Skin

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Eating healthy is beneficial for the whole body including the largest organ of the body, the skin. As we age, however, it is harder for consumed nutrients to access the skin, so they should also be provided topically. The Mediterranean diet is one of the healthiest diets a person can consume. It is associated with many health benefits including cardiovascular health, cognitive health, liver health and decreased aging.  The diet consists of vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains, fish, limited meat, and red wine with olive oil as a major component of the diet.  In fact, compounds in olives and olive...

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The Many Benefits of Organic Skin Care

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There is an increasing demand for organic skin care that is due in part to changing lifestyles and the desire for improved skin care products that are environmentally friendly. Increasing demand for organic skin care is also due to the rise in skin disorders and the well founded belief that natural skin care using organic skin care products is safer. Organic plants used in organic produce or products are grown without synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, and organic certification ensures that plant-derived ingredients are produced in a natural and ecologically sound manner, free of toxic chemicals and pesticides. Viniferamine® skin care products...

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Decreasing Obesity-Related Skin Issues

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According to recent estimates, at least 35% of Americans are classified as obese, and this trend towards obesity is only increasing. Obesity is defined as a state of excess adiposity (accumulation of lipids) due to prolonged positive energy imbalance. Obesity is also defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30kg/m or greater. There are multiple causes for obesity including, diet, genetics, inactivity or weight gain related to drugs such as oral corticosteroids, oral contraceptives, or serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressants). Obesity increases the risk involved with more than 30 medical problems including skin issues.  Obesity is associated with oxidative stress...

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Enhancing Diabetic Skin Health

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Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder associated with chronic inflammation that can lead to various health complications including foot ulcers.  The most common form, type 2 diabetes, involves insulin resistance and decreased insulin production.  Increased blood glucose or hyperglycemia is also common in diabetics.  In addition, at least 30% of individuals with diabetes have some form of skin problem.  Skin dryness, itching (pruritus), skin infection, and impaired wound healing are some of the common problems that can be associated with diabetes. Dry skin is due to the fact that individuals with diabetes tend to have reduced skin hydration resulting from...

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